Classical Civilization 110
Introduction to Greek and Roman Literature (Basic Classics)
ClCv 110 is a course designed to fill an Arts and Letters G.E. requirement; as such it will concentrate on the literature and ideas of the ancient Greeks and Romans. Additionally, this course will provide the student with a solid introductory grounding in the Greek and Roman Classics by surveying the important literary genres of epic, tragedy, philosophy, and historiography (the writing and interpreting of history).
Lecture Outlines and Presentations
- Topics: Review of course objectives and standards; Introduction: What are the Classics? Brief historical outline and periods of Greek history. Genres of Classical literature—focusing on epic, tragedy, and historiography with mention of comedy and philosoph
- After class: Print and review "Chronological Overview" (posted online)
- Topics: Panic sets in, Agamémnon disheartened; embassy to Akhilleus; Prayers (Litai) and Folly (Ate); the embassy fails but Phoinix remains. The spying mission of Odysseus and Diom d s; they capture and kill Dolon, steal the horses of Rh sos. The aristeia of Agamémnon; Akhilleus refuses to reenter the battle; Diom d s and others wounded; Nestor persuades Patróklos. The Greeks retreat to their camp and are besieged by the Trojans.
- Reading: Iliad 9–12 (Fitzgerald, 197–289PB; 203–295 HC).
- Topics: Zeus leaves the battle, Poseidon encourages the Greeks; Trojans attack the sea-wall; Poulýdamos and the omen of the eagle and the snake. Nestor counsels with Agamémnon, Odysseus, and Diomedes; Hera helps Poseidon assist the by seducing Zeus. Zeus stops Poseidon from interfering; he is stronger than all the gods; fighting by the ships with Aias fending off torches. A ship in flames; Patróklos borrows Akhilleus’ armour; his aristeia and hybris: kills Sarpedon and then is killed by Hektor.
- Reading: Iliad 13–16 (Fitzgerald, 294–397PB; 300–403).
- Topics: The armies fight over the body and armour of Patróklos. Akhilleus learns of the death of Patróklos and receives a new suit of armour; the Shield of Akhilleus. Akhilleus is reconciled with Agamémnon and enters battle. The gods join the battle; Akhilleus tries to kill Aineías.
- Reading: Iliad 17–20 (Fitzgerald, 401–83PB, 408–489 HC).
- Topics: Akhilleus does battle with the river Skamándros (Skamánder) and encounters Hektor in front of the Trojan gates. Akhilleus kills Hektor and drags his body back to the Greek camp. Funeral games for Patroklus. Priam begs the body of Hektor from Akhilleus; the funeral of Hektor, tamer of horses.
- Reading: Iliad 21–24 (Fitzgerald, 487–588PB; 493–594 HC).
- Topics: Dionysus and the Great Dionysia; tragoidia; Aristotle on Tragedy.
- Reading: "Development of Tragedy" (posted online).
- Quiz 1.
- Topics: The Nostoi or "Returns." The House of Atreus and the Oresteia. The Art of Aeschylus. Agamemnon: Pivotal Points, Themes, and Images.
- Reading: Aeschylus, Agamemnon (Grene and Lattimore, 2–60).
- Topics: Sophism, Sophoclean Drama, and Oedipus.
- Reading: Sophocles, Oedipus the King (Grene and Lattimore, 108–176).
- Topics: Euripides and characteristics of his tragedies; his Medea; Hiuppolytus, an overview; the Power—and Destructiveness—of Love; Divine (In)Justice?
- Reading: Euripides, Hippolytus (Grene and Lattimore, 235–95).
Th05–F06Feb; late Sa07Feb
- Topics: Brief sketch of the rise of the Athenian Empire; Herodotus, the Father of History; Thucydides and a New Kind of History.
- Reading: "The Athenian Empire" and "Thucydides and a New Kind of History" (posted online); Strassler and Hanson, ix–xxxi; see ClCv 304 lecture 19.
- Topics: Thucydides’ introduction; the archailogia; disputes over Epidamnus, Corcyra, and Potidaea; the debate at Sparta.
- Reading: Th. 1.1–87 (Strassler, 3–48)
- Topics: The Pentekontaëtia; the allied congress at Sparta; the stories of Pausanias and Themistocles; Sparta’s ultimatum and Pericles’ reply.
- Reading: Th. 1.88–146 (Strassler, 49–85); see ClCv 304 lecture 20.
- Topics: Outbreak of the war: the Plataea incident. The "Archidamian War." The first year of the war; Pericles’ Funeral Oration; the plague; the policy of Pericles; siege of Plataea and victories of Phormio.
- Reading: Th. 2.1–92 (Strassler, 89–148); see ClCv 304 lecture 25.
- Quiz 2 due.
- Topics: Revolt of Mytilene; the Mytilenean Debate; the end of Plataea; stasis or civil war in Corcyra.
- Reading: Th. 3.1–85 (Strassler, 159–201)
- Topics: Athenian success at Pylos; debate between Nicias and Cleon; Cleon takes the island; further Athenian successes; the expedition of Brasidas to the Chalcidice; Brasidas takes Amphipolis. Deaths of Cleon and Brasidas. The Peace of Nicias.
- Reading: Th. 4.1–41, 75–123; 5.1–24 (Strassler, 223–46, 263–90, 301–316)
- Quiz 2 (take-home) distributed. Review for Quiz 2 ; Thucydides quotes list
- Topics: The Melian Dialogue. The Sicilians Expedition. Nicias’ caution rejected. Sparta sends Gylippus to help Syracuse. Letter of Nicias. Destruction of the Athenian expedition. Panic in Athens.
- Reading: Th. 5.84–116; 6.1–26, 88–105; 7.1–18, 37–87; 8.1–2 (Strassler, 350–57, 361–76, 410–423, 427–37, 449–478, 481–82).
- Topics: Ac ommentary on Melos: Euripides’ Trojan Women. Overview of Comedy: The development of "old" comedy; Aristophanes’ Acharnians, Clouds, and Lysistrata.
- Reading: Excerpts from Euripides’ Trojan Women and overview of comedy (posted online).
Sallust, Jugurthine War I.
Sallust, Jugurthine War II.
Sallust, Jugurthine War III.
: The origins and detection of the Catilinarian conspiracy; Catiline’s departure from Rome. Sallust’s preface to Conspiracy of Catiline. Catiline’s first attempt at revolution.
Reading: Sallust, Catilinarian Conspiracy 1–2 (Hanford, 151–93).
Sallust, Conspiracy of Catiline II.
: Sallust’s view of the civil war. Early stages of the conspiracy. Traitors unmasked. The senatorial debate—the roles and characters of Caesar and Cato. The defeat and death of Catiline.
Reading: Sallust, Catilinarian Conspiracy 3–7 (Hanford, 194–233).
Roman Adaptations of Greek Philosophy.
: An Epicurean poem: Lucretius’ On the Nature of Things. Cicero’s more palatable "cafeteria" philosophy.
Reading: Grant’s introduction to On the Good Life and short excerpts from Discussion at Tusculum and "Dream of Scipio" (posted online); after class carefully review "Roman Adaptations of Greek Philosophy" online.
Topics: The Rise of Augustus—the aftermath of Caesar’s murder and the rise of Octavian; Actium: the victory over Antony and Cleopatra; Augustus’ Constitutional Settlement. The Augustan Program—Moral Reforms and the Restoration of Values
: Maecenas and literary patronage; Vergil’s poetic development; the Aeneid: a new kind of epic. The "Odyssey" section. The Gods and Aeneas; Aeneas in Africa.
Reading: Vergil, Aeneid 1(Fitzgerald, 3–30); after class carefully review "Vergil and a New Kind of Epic."
: The Fall of Troy—furor to pietas; a New Future for the Family. The Odyssey and the Wanderings of Aeneas—Prophecies and Portents; Death of Anchises.
Reading: Vergil, Aeneid 2–3 (Fitzgerald, 34–91).
: The "Tragedy" of Dido; Funeral Games for Anchises.
Reading: Vergil, Aeneid 4–5 (Fitzgerald, 96–156).
: The "Iliad" Section. Vergil’s Book of the Dead; the Iliad and war revisited.
Reading: Vergil, Aeneid 6–8 (Fitzgerald, 160–256).
PALM SUNDAY. Matt 21:1–17; Mark 11:1–11; Luke 19:28–48; John 12:12–19.
PASSOVER BEGINS AT SUNSET.
: The Future of Rome and the Shield of Aeneas; Nisus and Euryalus; the Gods and Battle; Turnus and Aeneas: the cost of greatness—pietas versus furor; poetry or propaganda: the meaning of the Aeneid.
Reading: Vergil, Aeneid 9–12 (Fitzgerald, 259–402).
THE LAST SUPPER AND GETHSEMANE. Matthew 26; Mark 14; Luke 22; John 13:1–18:27.
GOOD FRIDAY. No class. Matthew 27; Mark 15; Luke 23; John 18:28–19:42; 3 Nephi 8.
EASTER. Matthew 28; Mark 16; Luke 24; John 20:1–18.
Seneca I. (Seneca final ppt)
Quiz 4 (take-home) distributed.
Topics: Silver Age of Latin Literature; career of Seneca; Roman in camera tragedy. Thyestes.
Reading: Seneca, introduction and Thyestes (Watling, 7–93).
Quiz 4 due.
Reading: Seneca, Oedipus (Watling, 207–251).
: Seneca, Phaedra (Watling, 97–150).
: Seneca, Trojan Women (Watling, 153–204).
Paper due to my office by 5:00 p.m.
Final Examination (in-class), 7–10:00 p.m.
Announcements and Upcoming Events
September 12: “Sitting at the Feet of Jesus,” Time Out for Women, Denver
August 18-21 “Worship: Encountering and Being Transformed by God,” BYU Education Week
August 17 “LDS Christology and the Gospel of John,” BYU Education Week
August 5-11 Aspen Grove Family Camp
April 22: “Grateful for Grace: Appreciating the Saving and Transforming Power of Jesus Christ,” YSA 18th Stake Fireside
April 30: Womens Conference 2015 "Wells of Trust Fanning Flames of Faith"
May 8–9: “The Search for the ‘Real’ Jesus of Nazareth: The Jesus of Faith, History, and Revelation,” Miller-Eccles Study Group, Fullerton and La Cañada, California
September 24 Second John A. Widtsoe Symposium, “Religion in the Public Square,” 7:00-9:00, tutor Center Ballroom, USC, Los Angeles (with the following link:
October 9 “The Footsteps of Jesus: Remembering His Miracles,” Cruise Lady Learn Our Religion Series, 7:00, 9118 S Redwood, West Jordan
November 8: “Sitting at the Feet of Jesus,” Time Out for Women, St. George
November 14: “Sitting at the Feet of Jesus,” Time Out for Women, Portland