Coordinator, Ancient Near Eastern Studies
Professor of Ancient Scripture
Offices: 2015 HRCB (Kennedy Center); 365-F JSB
Phone: 801-422-3359
Email: eric_huntsman@byu.edu
Twitter: @EricDHuntsman

Classical Civilization 110
Introduction to Greek and Roman Literature (Basic Classics)

Course Description

Fall 2009 Syllabus

ClCv 110 is a course designed to fill an Arts and Letters G.E. requirement; as such it will concentrate on the literature and ideas of the ancient Greeks and Romans. Additionally, this course will provide the student with a solid introductory grounding in the Greek and Roman Classics by surveying the important literary genres of epic, tragedy, philosophy, and historiography (the writing and interpreting of history).

Lecture Outlines and Presentations

Course Introduction.

  • Topics: Review of course objectives and standards; Introduction: What are the Classics? Brief historical outline and periods of Greek history. Genres of Classical literature—focusing on epic, tragedy, and historiography with mention of comedy and philosoph
  • After class: Print and review "Chronological Overview" (posted online)

 

UNIT 1

Early Greek History, Religion, and Poetry.

  • Topics: The Bronze Age Aegean—Minoan Crete and Mycenaean Greece. The Greek Dark Ages. The Oral Tradition and the "Heroic Age." Development of Greek religion. The poetry of Homer and Hesiod as sources.
  • Reading: "Historical Overviews: Bronze, Dark, and Heroic Ages" and "Synopsis of the Greek Pantheon" (posted online). After class: Review "Early Greek History, Religion, and Poetry" presentation online.
  •  The Trojan Cycle and Homer; Iliad I.

  • Topics: Episodes from the Trojan Cycle; more on Homer; oral poetry and epic; Homeric values. M nin or wrath; Akhilleus and Agaménon quarrel; Thetis and Zeus; Concilium deorum—the gods in council.
  • Reading: "Epic and Its Values" and "Problems in Translation and Transliteration: The Example of Epic" (posted online); Fitzgerald’s introduction to Iliad, xi–xxxviii; Iliad 1 (Fitzgerald, 5–25). After class: review "Trojan Cycle and Homer" presentation online.
  • Homer, Iliad II.

  • Topics: Zeus sends a false dream and Agamemnon tests the army; Odysseus stops the run on the ships; the impudence of Thersítes; the catalogue of Greek ships and then Trojan allies. Helen on the wall; the duel of Aléxandros (Paris) and Meneláos; Aphrodite rescues Aléxandros. The gods again in council; Pándaros breaks the truce; Athena and Ares urge on war, Agamémnon rouses his troops; a brutal battle scene.
  • Reading: Iliad 2–4 (Fitzgerald, 29–100 PB; 35–106 HC).
  • Homer, Iliad III.

  • Topics: The aristeia of Diomedes, fighting even with gods. The Trojans in retreat; Diomedes and Glaukos; Hektor rebukes Paris; Hektor, Andrómach , and Astýanax. The Trojans reach the Akhaian wall; Nestor stirs the champions; mighty duels; proposal of Paris (Aléxandros) rejected; the gods again in council and Zeus sways the battle; nightfall saves the Akhaian ships.
  • Reading: Iliad 5–8 (Fitzgerald, 103–193 PB; 109–199 HC).
  • Homer, Iliad IV.

    • Topics: Panic sets in, Agamémnon disheartened; embassy to Akhilleus; Prayers (Litai) and Folly (Ate); the embassy fails but Phoinix remains. The spying mission of Odysseus and Diom d s; they capture and kill Dolon, steal the horses of Rh sos. The aristeia of Agamémnon; Akhilleus refuses to reenter the battle; Diom d s and others wounded; Nestor persuades Patróklos. The Greeks retreat to their camp and are besieged by the Trojans.
    • Reading: Iliad 9–12 (Fitzgerald, 197–289PB; 203–295 HC).

    Homer, Iliad V.

    • Topics: Zeus leaves the battle, Poseidon encourages the Greeks; Trojans attack the sea-wall; Poulýdamos and the omen of the eagle and the snake. Nestor counsels with Agamémnon, Odysseus, and Diomedes; Hera helps Poseidon assist the by seducing Zeus. Zeus stops Poseidon from interfering; he is stronger than all the gods; fighting by the ships with Aias fending off torches. A ship in flames; Patróklos borrows Akhilleus’ armour; his aristeia and hybris: kills Sarpedon and then is killed by Hektor.
    • Reading: Iliad 13–16 (Fitzgerald, 294–397PB; 300–403).

    Homer, Iliad VI.

    • Topics: The armies fight over the body and armour of Patróklos. Akhilleus learns of the death of Patróklos and receives a new suit of armour; the Shield of Akhilleus. Akhilleus is reconciled with Agamémnon and enters battle. The gods join the battle; Akhilleus tries to kill Aineías.
    • Reading: Iliad 17–20 (Fitzgerald, 401–83PB, 408–489 HC).

    Homer, Iliad VII.

    • Topics: Akhilleus does battle with the river Skamándros (Skamánder) and encounters Hektor in front of the Trojan gates. Akhilleus kills Hektor and drags his body back to the Greek camp. Funeral games for Patroklus. Priam begs the body of Hektor from Akhilleus; the funeral of Hektor, tamer of horses.
    • Reading: Iliad 21–24 (Fitzgerald, 487–588PB; 493–594 HC).

    Review for Quiz 1

    Introduction to Tragedy.

    • Topics: Dionysus and the Great Dionysia; tragoidia; Aristotle on Tragedy.
    • Reading: "Development of Tragedy" (posted online).
    • Quiz 1.

    Aeschylus.

    • Topics: The Nostoi or "Returns." The House of Atreus and the Oresteia. The Art of Aeschylus. Agamemnon: Pivotal Points, Themes, and Images.
    • Reading: Aeschylus, Agamemnon (Grene and Lattimore, 2–60).

    Sophocles.

    • Topics: Sophism, Sophoclean Drama, and Oedipus.
    • Reading: Sophocles, Oedipus the King (Grene and Lattimore, 108–176).

    Euripides.

    • Topics: Euripides and characteristics of his tragedies; his Medea; Hiuppolytus, an overview; the Power—and Destructiveness—of Love; Divine (In)Justice?
    • Reading: Euripides, Hippolytus (Grene and Lattimore, 235–95).

    EXAMINATION 1

    Th05–F06Feb; late Sa07Feb

     

    UNIT 2

    Historiography and Empire.

    Thucydides I. (reading outline 1)

    • Topics: Thucydides’ introduction; the archailogia; disputes over Epidamnus, Corcyra, and Potidaea; the debate at Sparta.
    • Reading: Th. 1.1–87 (Strassler, 3–48)

    Thucydides II.

    • Topics: The Pentekontaëtia; the allied congress at Sparta; the stories of Pausanias and Themistocles; Sparta’s ultimatum and Pericles’ reply.
    • Reading: Th. 1.88–146 (Strassler, 49–85); see ClCv 304 lecture 20.

    Thucydides III. (reading outline 2)

    • Topics: Outbreak of the war: the Plataea incident. The "Archidamian War." The first year of the war; Pericles’ Funeral Oration; the plague; the policy of Pericles; siege of Plataea and victories of Phormio.
    • Reading: Th. 2.1–92 (Strassler, 89–148); see ClCv 304 lecture 25.

    Tuesday is Monday. Thucydides IV. (reading outline 3, for Thucydides IV and V)

    • Quiz 2 due.
    • Topics: Revolt of Mytilene; the Mytilenean Debate; the end of Plataea; stasis or civil war in Corcyra.
    • Reading: Th. 3.1–85 (Strassler, 159–201)

    Thucydides V.

    • Topics: Athenian success at Pylos; debate between Nicias and Cleon; Cleon takes the island; further Athenian successes; the expedition of Brasidas to the Chalcidice; Brasidas takes Amphipolis. Deaths of Cleon and Brasidas. The Peace of Nicias.
    • Reading: Th. 4.1–41, 75–123; 5.1–24 (Strassler, 223–46, 263–90, 301–316)

    Thucydides VI.  (reading outline 4)

    • Quiz 2 (take-home) distributed.   Review for Quiz 2 ; Thucydides quotes list
    • Topics: The Melian Dialogue. The Sicilians Expedition. Nicias’ caution rejected. Sparta sends Gylippus to help Syracuse. Letter of Nicias. Destruction of the Athenian expedition. Panic in Athens.
    • Reading: Th. 5.84–116; 6.1–26, 88[3]–105; 7.1–18, 37–87; 8.1–2 (Strassler, 350–57, 361–76, 410–423, 427–37, 449–478, 481–82).

     Literature in War.

    • Topics: Ac ommentary on Melos: Euripides’ Trojan Women. Overview of Comedy: The development of "old" comedy; Aristophanes’ Acharnians, Clouds, and Lysistrata.
    • Reading: Excerpts from Euripides’ Trojan Women and overview of comedy (posted online).

    Overview of Plato. 

    • Topics: Natural Philosophers and Sophists. The Figure and Trial of Socrates (cf. Plato’s Apology); the Socratic Revolution; Plato and Greek Philosophy—idealism, the Theory of Forms, and Mimesis.
    • Readings: Plato, excerpts from Apology, (posted online); D&C 93:1–39.

    Sketch of Roman History and Early Roman Literature. 

    Sallust Jugurthine War Handout (I-III)

    Sallust, Jugurthine War I.

    • Topics: Latin historiography. Sallust, his style and method. Historical moralizing. The Metellans and the Roman oligarchy. Jugurtha’s rise to power.
    • Readings: Sallust, Jugurthine War, chs. 1–3 (Hanford 7–46). After class review: "Sallust the Historian; the Jugurthine War" online.

    Sallust, Jugurthine War II.

    • Topics: Jugurtha’s defiance of Rome. The first campaigns. Metellus’ failed campaigns.
    • Reading: Sallust, Jugurthine War, chs. 4–8 (Hanford 47–115). After class review:continue reviewing "Sallust the Historian; the Jugurthine War" online.

    Sallust, Jugurthine War III.

    • Topics: Marius, vir militaris and novus homo, consul; raising a "professional army." Marius’ campaigns against Jugurtha. The betrayal of Jugurtha.
    • Reading: Sallust, Jugurthine War, chs. 9–12 (Hanford 116–48). After class review: continue reviewing "Sallust the Historian; the Jugurthine War" online.

    Sallust, Conspiracy of Catiline I.

    Topics: The origins and detection of the Catilinarian conspiracy; Catiline’s departure from Rome. Sallust’s preface to Conspiracy of Catiline. Catiline’s first attempt at revolution.

    Reading: Sallust, Catilinarian Conspiracy 1–2 (Hanford, 151–93).

    Sallust, Conspiracy of Catiline II.

    Topics: Sallust’s view of the civil war. Early stages of the conspiracy. Traitors unmasked. The senatorial debate—the roles and characters of Caesar and Cato. The defeat and death of Catiline.

    Reading: Sallust, Catilinarian Conspiracy 3–7 (Hanford, 194–233).

    Roman Adaptations of Greek Philosophy.

    Topics: An Epicurean poem: Lucretius’ On the Nature of Things. Cicero’s more palatable "cafeteria" philosophy.

    Reading: Grant’s introduction to On the Good Life and short excerpts from Discussion at Tusculum and "Dream of Scipio" (posted online); after class carefully review "Roman Adaptations of Greek Philosophy" online.

    Augustus and Augustan Literature.

    Quiz 3.

    Topics: The Rise of Augustus—the aftermath of Caesar’s murder and the rise of Octavian; Actium: the victory over Antony and Cleopatra; Augustus’ Constitutional Settlement. The Augustan Program—Moral Reforms and the Restoration of Values

    Reading: "Overview of Augustus and Augustan Literature" (posted online); after class review carefully the PowerPoint presentation of the same name.

    Vergil’s Background; Vergil, Aeneid I.

    Topics: Maecenas and literary patronage; Vergil’s poetic development; the Aeneid: a new kind of epic. The "Odyssey" section. The Gods and Aeneas; Aeneas in Africa.

    Reading: Vergil, Aeneid 1(Fitzgerald, 3–30); after class carefully review "Vergil and a New Kind of Epic."

    Vergil, Aeneid II.

    Topics: The Fall of Troy—furor to pietas; a New Future for the Family. The Odyssey and the Wanderings of Aeneas—Prophecies and Portents; Death of Anchises.

    Reading: Vergil, Aeneid 2–3 (Fitzgerald, 34–91).

    Vergil, Aeneid III.

    Topics: The "Tragedy" of Dido; Funeral Games for Anchises.

    Reading: Vergil, Aeneid 4–5 (Fitzgerald, 96–156).

    Vergil, Aeneid IV.

    Topics: The "Iliad" Section. Vergil’s Book of the Dead; the Iliad and war revisited.

    Reading: Vergil, Aeneid 6–8 (Fitzgerald, 160–256).

    PALM SUNDAY. Matt 21:1–17; Mark 11:1–11; Luke 19:28–48; John 12:12–19.

    PASSOVER BEGINS AT SUNSET.

    Vergil, Aeneid V.

    Topics: The Future of Rome and the Shield of Aeneas; Nisus and Euryalus; the Gods and Battle; Turnus and Aeneas: the cost of greatness—pietas versus furor; poetry or propaganda: the meaning of the Aeneid.

    Reading: Vergil, Aeneid 9–12 (Fitzgerald, 259–402).

    THE LAST SUPPER AND GETHSEMANE. Matthew 26; Mark 14; Luke 22; John 13:1–18:27.

    GOOD FRIDAY. No class. Matthew 27; Mark 15; Luke 23; John 18:28–19:42; 3 Nephi 8.

     EASTER. Matthew 28; Mark 16; Luke 24; John 20:1–18.

    Seneca I. (Seneca final ppt)

    Quiz 4 (take-home) distributed.

    Topics: Silver Age of Latin Literature; career of Seneca; Roman in camera tragedy. Thyestes.

    Reading: Seneca, introduction and Thyestes (Watling, 7–93).

    Seneca II.

    Quiz 4 due.

    Reading: Seneca, Oedipus (Watling, 207–251).

    Seneca III.

    Reading: Seneca, Phaedra (Watling, 97–150).

    Seneca IV.

    Reading: Seneca, Trojan Women (Watling, 153–204).

    Paper due to my office by 5:00 p.m.

    Final Examination (in-class), 7–10:00 p.m.

    Announcements and Upcoming Events

    Recent Lectures

    September 12: “Sitting at the Feet of Jesus,” Time Out for Women, Denver

    August 18-21 “Worship: Encountering and Being Transformed by God,” BYU Education Week

    August 17 “LDS Christology and the Gospel of John,” BYU Education Week

    August 5-11 Aspen Grove Family Camp

    April 22: “Grateful for Grace: Appreciating the Saving and Transforming Power of Jesus Christ,” YSA 18th Stake Fireside

    April 30: Womens Conference 2015 "Wells of Trust Fanning Flames of Faith"

    May 8–9:   “The Search for the ‘Real’ Jesus of Nazareth: The Jesus of Faith, History, and Revelation,” Miller-Eccles Study Group, Fullerton and La Cañada, California

    Upcoming Lectures

    September 24 Second John A. Widtsoe Symposium, “Religion in the Public Square,” 7:00-9:00, tutor Center Ballroom, USC, Los Angeles (with the following link:

    October 9 “The Footsteps of Jesus: Remembering His Miracles,” Cruise Lady Learn Our Religion Series, 7:00, 9118 S Redwood, West Jordan

    November 8: “Sitting at the Feet of Jesus,” Time Out for Women, St. George

    November 14: “Sitting at the Feet of Jesus,” Time Out for Women, Portland