Coordinator, Ancient Near Eastern Studies
Professor of Ancient Scripture
Offices: 2015 HRCB (Kennedy Center); 365-F JSB
Phone: 801-422-3359
Email: eric_huntsman@byu.edu
Twitter: @EricDHuntsman

Classical Civilization 304
Greek History Survey

Fall 2002 Syllabus

Unit 1: Early Greece

PREHISTORIC GREECE 

  • 3. The Greek Dark Age (c. 1150- 750 B.C.)
  •  [Pomeroy, 37-48]
    • The End of the Mycenaean World
      • Dorians and "Sea Peoples"
      • A Proposed Solution
    • Characteristics of and Sources for the Greek Dark Age
      • "Archaeological Obscurity"
    • Submycenaean (c. 1125-1050)
    • Protogeometric (c. 1050-900 B.C.)
      • Age of Migrations
      • Aiolis, Ionia, Doris
    • Geometric Revival (s. 900-750 B.C.)

ARCHAIC GREECE

  • 5. Early Archaic Greece
  •  (as outline)  [Pomeroy, 71-90; Morkot, 48-49]
    • Eighth Century Renaissance
      • Late Geometric Phase, 750-700 B.C.
      • Orientalizing Phase, 700-650 B.C.
    • Characteristics
      • population growth, eastern contacts, the Greek alphabet, panhellenism, heroic revivals
    • Development of aristocracies
    • Rise of the polis
      • variations on a theme: chora and asty in different states
      • developing governmental institutions
        • magistrates, boule , and agora
  • 6. Colonization
  • (as outline)
    • Terms and sources
    • Causes
    • Procedures
    • Characteristics
    • Results
    • Overview of Greek colonial activity
      • Kyrene; Italy and Sicily; Megara and the Propontis; Miletos and the Black Sea; Phokaia, Massilia, and the West
  • Archaic Society  
  • (as outline)
    • Aristocracies and Aristotle's "Middle"
      • Hesiod on aristocracy, dike (justice), and morality
    • The idea of citizenship
    • Military changes
      • Tyrtaios and hoplite warfare
      • the "Hoplite Revolution"
  • Greek Tyranny
  • (as outline)
    • Aristocratic Crisis
      • case study: the seacoast trading states
    • Pheidon's military monarchy
    • Tyrannos: the term and the position
    • Tyrant prototypes
      • Pittakos of Mytilene; the Kypselids in Korinth; the Orthagorids of Sikyon; Theagenes in Megara; Polykrates of Samos
    • Contributions of the tyrants
  • Archaic Culture
    • Sculpture
      • kouros and kore
    • Doric architecture
    • Early Attic Black Figure
    • Lyric poetry
      • Archilochos on heroism, Sappho on love
    • Intellectual developments
      • The Ionian School: materialists and idealists
      • Xenophanes on anthropomorphism and religion
  • Early Sparta (as outline)
    • Sources
    • Earliest Sparta
    • Messenian Wars
    • Lykourgos and his reforms
      • Government
        • kings; Gerouisia; Apella; ephors
      • Social restructuring: the agoge
      • the Spartiates
    • Formation of the Peloponnesian League
  • Early Athens
  • (as outline)
    • Sources
    • Emergence of archaic Athens
      • Mycenaean Atttika
      • the Dark Ages
        • synoikismos of Thesus
      • the fading of kingship and aristocratic government
        • devolution of power
        • magistrates; Areiopagos; Ekklesia
    • Sixth Century Instability
      • stasis
      • Kylon's attempted tyranny
      • Drakon's law code
    • Solon's reforms
      • economis
      • political
    • the Peisistratids
      • Political unrest and factionalism
      • Rise of Peisistratos
      • Peisistratid government
        • means and maintenance of power
        • image and policies
      • Peisistratid Succession
  • Kleisthenes and Athenian Democracy
  • (as outline)
    • The Alkmaionid Clan
    • The Myth of the Tyrannicides
      • Harmodios and Aristogeiton; death of Hipparchos
      • Hippias' tyranny grows harsher
      • Sparta and the fall of the Peisistratids
    • Oligarchy and a renewal of stasis
      • Isagoras bests Kleisthenes
      • Kleisthenes and the demos
    • Reaction and Revolution: the Spartan intervention
    • Reforms of Kleisthenes
      • Demes
      • Trittyes
      • Phylai
      • Council of 500
        • prytaneis
        • duties of the new boule
      • the military under the new system
        • strategoi
      • later developments
        • klerosis ek prokriton (not until 487/6 B.C.?)
        • ostracism
    • Democracy under attack and its successes

Unit 1 Review (Winter 2003 but good for 2004)

Unit 2: Fifth Century Greece (The Rise and Fall of Athens)

  • The Persian Menace
  • (as outline)
    • Near Eastern Background
    • Sources
      • Herodotus of Haikarnssos
      • Herodotus' Histories
    • Lydia and East Greece
    • Rise of Persia
    • Ionian Prelude
      • Histiaios and Atistagoras
      • Miletos and Naxos
    • The Ionian Revolt
    • Athenian Politics
    • Persian punitive measures
      • Greek Asia
      • Mardonius in Europe
      • Datis' naval invasion
      • Battle of Marathon, 490 B.C.
    • Athenian Politics again
      • the reforms of 487/6 B.C.
      • Themistokles' naval policy
    • Xerxes and the invasion of Greece
      • 481 B.C. Isthmus Conference
      • Thermopylai and Artemesion, 480 B.C.
      • Salamis
      • Plataia and Mykale, 479 B.C.
  • The Delian League
  • (as outline)
    • Thucydides as source
      • methodology and sources; his speeches
      • Introduction; archailogia ; pentekontaetia; annual account of the war
    • Ionian rejection of Sparta
    • "The Athenians and Their Allies"
      • ships and money
    • Themistokles after Persia
    • Early actions of the league
      • Eion
      • Skyros
      • Karystos
      • Naxos' revolt
      • Eurymedon
      • Thasos' revolt
    • End of Dualism
      • Sparta and the helot revolt of 464 B.C.
      • Kimon loses face
    • Ephialtes and radical democracy
    • Periklean Athens
    • League becomes empire
      • types of allies
      • means of control
      • observations of "the Old Oligarch" ([Xen.] Ath. Pol.)
    • The "First" Peloponnesian War
      • Megara
      • Overextension of the empire
      • a brief land empire
        • Oinophyta
        • Aigina
      • Disaster
        • destruction of the Egyptian expedition
        • Peace of Kallias?
        • Congress Decree
        • Defeat at Koroneia
  • Classical Greek Culture  
    • Classical Ideals and Forms
      • the Hellenic Good Life
      • Principles of Classicism
      • Classical Humanism
      • the Classical Achievement
    • Developments in poetry
      • Lyric
        • Simonides
        • Pindar
      • Tragedy
        • development and characteristics of Greek tragedy
        • the art of Aeschylus, lyric tragedy
        • Sophocles
        • Euripides
      • Comedy
        • Aristophanes
    • Sculpture
      • Severe Style
      • High Classical Style
      • Late Classical
    • Intellectual developments
      • Natural philosophy
        • reconciliation of materialists and idealists
        • Democritus and the atomic theory
      • Sophism
        • rhetoric and public speaking
        • effect on traditional culture and values
    • Perkilean building program
      • 454 B.C. move of the Delian League treasury to Athens
      • Propylaia
      • Parthenon
    • Later building
      • Ionic Style as a national, wartime style
      • Erectheion
  • The Outbreak of the Peloponnesian War
  • (as outline)
    • Thirty Years Peace
    • Thucydides and the Causes of the War
      • Pretexts
        • Kerkyra and Epidamnos
        • Potidaia
        • Aigina
        • Megarian Decrees
      • The "truest cause"
        • Spartan fear of the growing power of Athens
      • Debate at Sparta
    • The spark: Thebes' attempted seizure of Plataia
    • Sources reviewed
    • Peloponnesian League reviewed
  • The Archidamian War, 431-421 B.C.
  •  (as outline)
    • Periklean policy
    • Peloponnesian strategy
      • the first year: Acharnai and its reaction
    • Funeral Oration of Perikles
      • praise of democracy
      • the reality of Athenian character
        • the plague
        • the Mytilenean Debate
    • Stasis in Kerkyra
    • Pylos and Sphakteria
    • Brasidas and the Chalkidike
    • Amphipolis
  • The Peace of Nikias and the Sicilian Expedition (as outline)
    • Terms of the peace treaty
    • New Alliances
    • The Melian Incident
      • Thucydides' "Melian Dialogue" and "Might Makes Right"
    • The Sicilian Expedition
      • Profanation of the Mysteries
      • The role of Alkibiades
      • Sparta's involvment: Gylippos
      • Siege of Syracuse and the Destruction of the Expedition
  • The Fall of Athens: the Ionian and Dekeleian Wars  (as outline)
    • Agis at Dekeleia
    • Ionian Theater
      • Persian involvement and the Spartan fleet
      • Tissaphernes and Pharnabazos, Persian satraps with different policies
      • Lysandros, Spartan commander
      • Oligarchic Reaction in Athens: the 400, the 5,000, and "Floating Democracy"
      • Hellespontine battles: Kynossema and Kyzikos
      • Alkibiades and Notion
      • Arginusai and the Trial of the Generals
      • Aigispotamai
    • The End
      • Theramenes and Peace terms
  • Postwar Athens (as outline)
    • Lysandros at Athens
    • Sparta and the Aegean
    • The Decree of Drakontides and the Regime of the Thirty
    • Interim Regimes: Piraeus Democracy, 3,000, Reconciliation
    • Socrates and Postwar Athens

Unit 2 Review




Unit 3: Fifth Century and Hellenistic Greece

  • Spartan Dominance
  • (as outline)
    • The Spartan empire—garrisons, harmosts, and narrow oligarchies
    • the recall of Lysandros
    • Sparta’s support for the insurgency of Kyros
      • Xenophon’s Anabasis ; Agesilaos, a would-be Agamemnon
    • the Korinthian War
    • the Koine Eirene or “King’s Peace,” 386 B.C.
    • The Revival of Athens
    • (as outline)
      • Phoibidas’ coup in Thebes
      • Sphodrias’ feint on Athens, its result
      • the Second Athenian Confederacy
        • Battles of Naxos (376 B.C.) and Kerkyra
      • the Peace of Kallias and Epameinondas’ rejection of it (371 B.C.)
    • The Rise and Fall of Thebes
    • (as outline)
      • Pelopidas and the Sacred Band
      • Epameniondas’ leadership of Thebes
      • Jason of Pherai
      • Leuktra, 371 B.C.
      • Theban intervention in the Peloponnesus
        • the Battle of Mantineia and the death of Epameinondas, 362 B.C.
    • Athens in the Mid 4th Century (as outline, but there are many images, so the handout may be better)
      • The Social War, 357-354 B.C.
      • Mausolos and Karia
        • a model of a peripheral state
      • Democracy and Justice
        • dicasteries 
        • money and democracy: pay for offices
      • Intellectual developments
        • Plato and his philosophy, especially the Theory of Forms or Ideas
        • Isocrates and his educational program
        • Aristotle and his method
      • Fourth century art
    • The Rise of Macedonia  
    • (as outline)
      • Early Macedonia
      • Philip II and his reforms
      • Phokis and the Sacred Wars
        • the Delphic Amphictyony
        • Philomelos and the Battle of Neon
        • Onomarchos, Thessaly, the Battle of the Crocus Fields, and Thermopylai
      • Overview: the weakness of the fourth century poleis
      • Philip and Athens
        • the end of Phokis
        • the Peace of Philokrates, 346 B.C.
        • the Halonnesos Incident
        • a new sacred war
      • Chaironeia (338 B.C.) and its aftermath
        • Common Peace of 338 B.C.
        • the League of Korinth
      • Philip's last days
        • Kleopatra and her father Attalos
        • Alexander's fall
        • Pasuanias and Philip's murder
    • Alexander the Great  
    • (as outline)
      • Alexander's first challenges
        • enemies on every side
        • destruction of Thebes
      • Preparations for the Persian expedition
      • Persia and Alexander
        • Granikos, 334 B.C.
          • conquest of Asia Minor
          • Miletos and Alexander's "non-naval" policy
          • Ada and Karia
          • the Gordian Knot
        • Issos, 333 B.C.
          • Alexander, Lord of Asia
          • Tyre and Gaza
        • Egypt
          • Alexandria
          • Zeus-Ammon at Siwah
        • Gaugamela, 331 B.C.
          • Babylon
          • Persia and Persepolis
          • Media and Ekbatana, dismissal of the Greeks
        • Eastern Campaigns
          • Death of Dareios
          • Alexander "medizing?"  Macedonian dissatisfaction and conspiracies
          • Baktria
          • Marriage to Roxane
          • India
      • Alexander's final days
        • the difficult march back, Nearchos' exploration
        • the satrapies in chaos
        • marriage at Susa and Mutiny at Opis
        • premature death, 323 B.C.
    • Hellenistic World
    • (as outline)
      • Legacy of Alexander: results and plans
        • the oikoumene
      • The Succession Crisis
        • Alexander IV and Philip III Arrhidaois
        • Compromise and Regency
      • The Diadochoi or "Successors"
        • First Phase: Perdikkas' regency
          • Lamian War (323-322 B.C.) in Greece
          • Rebellion of Antigonos Monophtholmos
          • Ptolemy and Egypt
        • Second Phase: formal division and conflict
          • Settlement at Triparadeisos (320 B.C.)
            • Antipatros in Europe
            • Antigonos in Asia
            • Lysimachos, Ptolemy, Seleukos
          • Shifting Tides
            • death of Antipatros
            • Antigonos and Demetrios basileis
            • Battle of Ipsos, 301 B.C.
        • Third Phase: equilibrium
          • Antiognid Macedonia
          • Seleukid Syria/Mesopotamia
          • Ptolemaic Egpyt
      • For interest only
        • Jewish Interlude
          • Ptolemaic and Seleukid strife over Palestine
            • Antiochos III
          • Antiochos IV Epiphanes and Hellenization
            • the Maccabean Revolt
            • the Hasmonean Dynasty
        • Roman Conquest of the Mediterranean

         

    • Hellenistic Culture (also for interest only)
      • Hellenistic culture and literature
      • Hellenistic Religion and Philosophy
      • Hellenisitic Art

    Unit 3 Review (Final Exam, v. 2.1 13 Apr 04 adjusted a bit after final day of class)

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    September 12: “Sitting at the Feet of Jesus,” Time Out for Women, Denver

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    August 5-11 Aspen Grove Family Camp

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