Classical Civilization 307
Roman History Survey
Fall 2007 Syllabus
Rise of Rome
- 1b. Italy
- Topics: preview of Italic peoples, the Etruscans, Greek
colonies, and Latins.
- Readings: Mellor2, 1–14; "Source Summaries" and "A
Short Guide to the Sources for Roman History" (packet, v–x); W-H-Y, 1–11.
753 - 509 B.C. THE MONARCHY OF ROME.
2. Legendary Rome.
- Topics: Etruscans, Greek colonies, and "Prehistoric" Rome
(cont.). Foundation myths—Aeneas, Romulus and Remus; Romulus and Roman
kingship; Numa and Roman religion; Tullus and Ancus.
- Readings: Eutr. 1.1–8 (LR I no. 5); Liv. 1.1–3, 15–17, 34
(Mellor2, 169–174, 183–188).
- Scarre, 12–13; W-H-Y, 12–47, 51–58; Table 1: Legendary Roman Genealogies
- 3. Etruscan
- Topics: Tarquin Priscus, Servius Tullius, Tarquinius Superbus;
The Etruscans and Roman urbanization; Etruscan kingship and governance;
- Readings: Liv. 1.35–49 (Mellor2, 187–199).
- Scarre, "From Village to City," 13, 20–21; W-H-Y, 47–51; "Early Roman
Political Structures" (packet, 23–24).
509 - 264 B.C. THE EARLY REPUBLIC
Rome an Italian Power
- 4. The
Foundation of the Republic.: The Rape of Lucretia; Brutus and the overthrow of the
Tarquinus; Porsenna and the role of the Etruscans; Founding Fathers and
Patriotic Saga; What was the Roman Republic?
- Readings: Liv. 1.55–60,(Mellor2, 200–205),
2.1–14 (online or Mellor1, 198–210); Pomp. in Dig. 1.2.2 (LR
I no. 25); Dion. Hal. Ant. Rom. 7.59.2–8, 4.21 ( LR I no. 27).
- Scarre, 13–14; W-H-Y, 59–66; packet, 23–24, 28.
5. Struggle of the Orders I.
: Rome and the
Latin League: the Battle of Lake Regillus; Patricians and plebeians—who were
they really? the secession of the plebs; Foedus Cassianum; the
plebeian tribunate; the Decemvirate and the Twelve Tables; lex Valeria
Horatia; lex Canuleia; the disaster at Allia and the Gallic Sack
2.31–40; 3.33–37, 44–49, 56–58; 5.34–49 (Mellor2, 205–241); Dion.
Hal. Ant. Rom. 6.89, Liv. 3.4.1–7 and 13–15, 4.1, 6.3–12 ( LR I nos.
28, 33, and 35). W-H-Y, 67–71, 78–81; "Struggle of the Orders" (packet 25–26
Struggle of the Orders II.
: Lex Licinia
Sextia; the final definition of a patrician; Lex Genucia; the context
of the First Samnite War and the Latin Revolt (more to come); lex
Publilia; the incidental issue of nexum; lex Ogulnia; the lex
Hortensia—the patricio-plebeian senatorial aristocracy and the rise of
the nobiles; republic or oligarchy?
6.35, 10.6.3–11, 9.1–2; Gai. Inst. 1.3; Aul. Gell. NA 15.27.4
(LR I nos. 38, 41, and 42). W-H-Y, 71–77; "Struggle of the Orders" (packet,
7. Forging a Roman Italy.
: Latin, Samnite,
and Pyrrhic Wars; Italian unification and types of Roman citizenship—the
cives optimo iure and cives sine suffragio; Roman colonies and
military development; an Italian commonwealth.
14–15, 22–23; W-H-Y, 82–90
264 - 133 B.C. THE MIDDLE REPUBLIC
Rome a Mediterranean Power
13. Roman Expansion and Imperialism II.: The III Macedonian War—Perseus, Paullus, and Pydna;
Antiochus IV Epiphanes and Popillius Laenas; Galba and the II Iberian
War; Scipio Aemilianus and the III Punic War; Andriscus and the IV
Macedonian War; Rhodes; III Iberian or Numantine War; Mummius and
Corinth; the legacy of Pergamum; Roman Provincial Administration.
- Readings: W-H-Y, 121–130; "Roman Provincial Expansion During
the Middle Republic" (packet, 30–31).: Polyb. 4–15; Liv. 42–45, Per.
46–59; Plut. Vit. Aem.; App. Maced. 11–19,
2.9–10, Lib. 10.67–20.135.
- See also: Cary and Scullard, ch. 14, 143–149; ch. 15,
157–160; ch. 16, 165–168; ch. 17; Scullard HRW 753–146,
274–337; Marsh HRW 146–30, 1–31.
Th04–F05Oct; late Sa06Oct
Provincial Expansion during the Middle Republic Unit 1 Review
Unit 2: The
133 - 27 B.C. THE LATE REPUBLIC
First Phase, from the Gracchi to Sulla
Tiberius Gracchus.: The Roman Revolution; the
Gracchi—reformers or opportunists? Family political alliances in the
late second century B.C.; optimates versus populares; the
Gracchan land commission and the Pergamum bequest—the senatorial
: App. B Civ. 1.1–17 (Mellor2,
65–74); Flor. 1.47.1–13, Plut. Vit. Ti. Gracch. 8.7–9, 14.1–2,
and App. B Civ. 1 intro, 2/Cic. Sest. 44.96–46.100; 48 (LR
I nos. 96–97, 101). Scarre, 17–18; W-H-Y, 139–142, 153–159; Table 2:
Gracchan Family Alliances (packet, 40).: Liv. Per. 59; Plut. Vit. Ti. Gracch.;
App. B Civ. 1.1–17.
See also: Cary and Scullard, ch. 20,
203–206; Marsh HRW 146–30, 32–49; Scullard
See also: Cary and Scullard, ch. 20, 206–211; Marsh
HRW 146–30, 51–67; Scullard FGN, 29–41.
- 15. Gaius Gracchus.: The land commission and Scipio Aemilianus; Gaius’
social and political legislation; Fulvius Flaccus and the question of
Italian enfranchisement; M. Livius Drusus—fighting fire with fire; L.
Oppimius and the senatus consultum ultimum; the importance of the
Gracchi; Narbonese Gaul.
- Readings: App. B Civ. 1.17–26 (Mellor2,
74–79); Plut. Vit. C. Gracch. 3–9 abridged (LR I no. 98). W-H-Y,
159–167.: Liv. Per. 59–60; Plut. Vit. C.
Gracch.; App. B Civ. 1.17–27.
17. The Dictatorship of Sulla.
Topics: The First Mithridatic War; the tribunate of
Sulpicius Rufus and the coup of Marius and Cinna; Sulla’s return and his
march on Rome; the Sulla, dictator legibus scribundis et rei publicae
constituendae; the Proscriptions of 82 B.C.; the reforms of Sulla,
his abdication, and death.
Readings: App. B Civ. 1.11.95–12.103 abridged (LR I
no. 104). W-H-Y, 175–182.
Other sources: Liv. Per. 77–91; Plut. Vit.
Sull.; Sall. Iug.; App. B Civ. 1.55–106, Mith..
See also: Cary and Scullard, ch. 23; Marsh HRW 146–30,
99–138; Scullard FGN, 68–84; E.S. Gruen, Roman Politics
and the Political Courts, 149–78 B.C. (1968), LGRR,
- 16. Marius—novus homo, homo militaris.
- Topics: The domination of the Metelli; the Numidian War
against Jugurtha; Marius and the new Roman army; the invasions of the
Teutones and Cimbri; Marius’ multiple consulships; the victory of Aquae
Sextiae; the Sicilian Slave War; Saturninus; M. Livius Drusus and the
- Readings: Vell. Pat. 2.15.1–17.1 abridged; App. B Civ.
1.6.49 (LR I no. 103). Scarre, 28–29; W-H-Y, 167–174.: Liv. Per. 61–76; Plut. Vit. Mar.;
Sall. Iug.; App. B Civ. 1.28–54.
- See also: Cary and Scullard, chs. 21–22; Marsh
HRW 146–30, 68–99; Scullard FGN, 42–68; E.S. Gruen,
Roman Politics and the Political Courts, 149–78 B.C. (1968), ch.
18. The Ascent of Pompey.
Topics: Challenges to the post-Sullan "Restoration"
Government—Lepidus and Sertorius; Lucullus and the Third Mithridatic
War; restoration of the tribunate; the Slave Revolt of Spartacus; the
consulship of Pompey and Crassus; the lex Gabinia and the War
Against the Pirates; the lex Manilia and the end of Mithridates;
Pompey’s settlement of the East.
Readings: W-H-Y, 183–193.
Sources: Sall. Hist. frgs.; Liv. Per. 91–102; Plut.
Vit. Pomp. Sert., Crass., Luc.; Dio 36–37.23.;
App. B Civ. 107–2.1, Mith.
See also: Cary and Scullard, ch. 24, 239–244; Marsh
HRW 146–30, 139–157; Scullard FGN, 85–104; E.S. Gruen
LGRR , 6–74; Syme, ch. 3.
19. Cicero and Catiline.
Topics: The political career of M. Tullius Cicero; Crassus
and Julius Caesar; the conspiracy of Catiline; Cicero’s greatest hour;
the characters of Caesar and Cato; the return of Pompey.
Readings: Sall. Cat. 1–61 (Mellor2,
81–115); Cic. Cat. I (handout). W-H-Y, 189, 193–198;
Cary and Scullard, 244–247 (handout).
Other sources: Liv. Per. 102–103; Plut. Vit.
Cat. Min.; App. B Civ. 2.2–7; Dio 37.24–42.
See also: Cary and Scullard, ch. 24, 244–248; Marsh
HRW 146–30, 158–176; Scullard FGN, 105–110; E.S. Gruen,
LGRR, 75–82, 260–287, and esp. 416–433.
- 20. The Rise of Julius Caesar.: The "First Triumvirate" and Caesar’s first
consulship; the Clodius affair; the conquest of Gaul; the Lucca
Conference and the renewal of the Triumvirate; the death of Crass us and
the growing split with Pompey; urban violence—Milo and the death of
- Readings: Caes. B Gall. 1.1–54 (Mellor2,
135–161). Scarre, 30–31; W-H-Y, 199–207.: Liv. Per. 103–108; Plut. Vit.
Caes.; Suet. Iul.; App. B Civ. 2.8–24; Dio
- See also: Cary and Scullard, ch. 24, 248–49; ch. 25,
255–257; ch. 26, 258–267; Marsh HRW 146–30, 177–222; Scullard
FGN, 110–134; E.S. Gruen, LGRR, 433–460.
21. Caesar’s Civil Wars and Dictatorship.
Readings: Suet. Iul. 37–38, 40–44, 83–85 and Plut.
Vit. Caes. 57, 63–67 abridged (LR I nos. 110–112). Scarre,
32–33; W-H-Y, 207–216.
Other sources: Caes. B Civ., B Afr.; Cic.
Fam. varia; Liv. Per. 109–116; Plut. Vit. Caes.;
Suet. Iul.; App. B Civ. 2.25–154 (n.b. the
comparison with Alexander in 2.149–154); Dio 40–44.
See also: Cary and Scullard, ch. 26, 267–269; ch.
27, 270–281; Marsh HRW 146–30, 222–260; Scullard
134–153; E.S. Gruen, LGRR, 461–497; Syme, chs. 4–6.
- Topics: The defection of Pompey and the conservative
offensive against Caesar; crossing the Rubicon; civil war in Italy,
Africa, and Spain—Pharsalus, Alexandria, Thapsus, and Munda; the
dictatorships of Caesar—reforms, policy, and autocracy; his
assassination; Caesar’s career evaluated; his funeral and legacy.
22. The Roman Revolution: A Midpoint Analysis.
Topics: Politicians—oligarchs, military men, and demagogues;
the breakdown of the old order; Caesarian Crisis and Conflict; Antony’s
interim administration; the historiography and methodology of Sir Ronald
Readings: Suet. Iul. 83–85 (packet, LR I no. 112);
Syme, ch. 1. W-H-Y, 217–218.
Other sources: Caes. B Civ., B Afr.; Liv. Per.
116; Plut. Vit. Caes.; Suet. Iul.; App. B Civ.
2.118–154 (n.b. the comparison with Alexander in
2.149–154); Dio 44.
See also: Cary and Scullard, ch. 27; ch. 27, 281–282;
Marsh HRW 146–30, 261–266; E.S. Gruen, LGRR, 498–507;
Syme, chs. 1–2.
23. Caesar’s Heirs.
Topics: Octavian, the new Caesar; Cicero and the Philippics; the War of Mutina; Octavian’s seizure of Rome and brief
consulship. The Conference of Bononia—reconciliation of the Caesarians;
the lex Titia and the formation of the Second Triumvirate; the
avenging of Caesar; the Battle of Philippi.
Readings: Cic. Phil. 5 17.46; 19.53 (LR I no. 114)
Sources: Liv. Per. 117–119; Aug. RG 1;
Plut. Vit. Ant.; Suet. Aug.; App. B Civ. 3; Dio
See also: Cary and Scullard, ch. 28, 283–287; Marsh
HRW 146–30, 266–277; Scullard FGN, 154–158; Syme, chs.
24. Renewed Civil Wars
Source Analysis #2 due
Perusia, Brundisium, and the coalition in tension;
Octavian’s further rise—wars against Sextus Pompey and in Illyria; a new
image—regaining ground in Rome and Italy; Scribonia and Livia Drusilla.
Antony in the East; Cleopatra and the humiliation of Octavia; the Oath
of Tota Italia
; the Battle of Actium and the fall of Egypt; the
dilemma of victory.
App. B Civ
. 4.1.2–3 and 4.2.5–4.20 abridged
(LR I no. 115).W-H-Y, 222–250; Table 3: Octavia and Octavian (packet,
119–133; Aug. RG
Plut. Vit. Ant
.; Suet. Aug.
; Dio 46.50–49.38, 50–51.
Cary and Scullard, ch. 28, 287–298; Marsh
, 278–311; Scullard FGN
, 158–171 and 208–210;
Syme, chs. 13–21.
27 B.C. - A.D. 14 THE AUGUSTAN AGE
25a. The Augustan Principate.
25b. The Augustan
Topics: Octavian after Actium; the constitutional settlement
of 27 B.C.—a new name, new powers; the settlement of 23 B.C.; imperium proconsulare maius and tribunician power; the adjustment of
19 B.C.; the imperial tours; Father of his country.
Readings: Tac. Ann. 1.2, 3.7–4.2; Dio 53.17–18.3,
21.3–7; 53.16; Suet. Aug. 58 (LR I no. 194). Scarre, 38–39,
46–47; W-H-Y, 251–258.
Other sources: Liv. Per. 134–142; Aug. RG;
Vell. Pat. 2.89–128; Suet. Aug.; Dio 52–56.
See also: Cary and Scullard, ch. 30, 315–321; ch. 31,
331–343; Salmon HRW 30–138, 1–19; Scullard
210–224 and 243–265; Syme, chs. 23–24.
26. The New Roman Order under Augustus.
26b. The Augustan
Topics: Roman society, religion, and culture under the new
regime; Augustan Literature (Vergil and Horace; Livy); Augustus’
building program; a new Golden Age; the senatorial class and the domus Augusta—the growing role of the imperial family.
Readings: Aug. RG (Mellor2, 322–330); Tac.
Ann. 1.1–10 (Mellor2, 427, 451–457); Tac.
1.2, 3.7–4.2; Dio 53.17–18.3, 21.3–7; 53.16; Suet. Aug. 58 (LR I
no. 194). Scarre, 39–43, 48–49; W-H-Y, 255–283, 289–295, 297–298; Table
4: The Julio-Claudians and Table 5: The Adoptive Family of Augustus
Other sources: Aug. RG; Suet. Aug.; Vell.
Pat. 2.89–128; Dio 52–56.
See also: Cary and Scullard, ch. 29; ch. 30, 321–330; ch.
31, 343—350; Salmon HRW 30–138, 19–122; Scullard
224–242 and 265–267; Syme, chs. 25–27, 29–30.
Unit 2 Review
Tu06–W07Nov; late Th08Nov
Unit 3: Imperial
A.D. 14 - 235 THE EMPIRE
27. Julio-Claudians I: Tiberius.
Topics: Augustus’ death and legacy. The
succession of Tiberius: a constitutional change;
Germanicus and the mutiny of the German legions;
Tiberius’ character and administration; maiestas
trials; Piso and Germanicus; Vipsania Agrippina; the
regency of Seianus.
Readings: Tac. Ann. 1.11–15, 33–53;
2.69–73; 3.1–18; 4.1–12, 4.32–35, 6.50–51 (Mellor2,
457–469, 471–489; online handout or Mellor1,
453–54). Scarre, 38–40; W-H-Y, 300–309.
Other sources: Vell. Pat. 2.123–31; Tac. Ann. 1–6; Suet.
Tib.; Dio 57–58.
See also: Cary and Scullard, ch. 32, 351–354;
chs. 32 and 33 passim; Salmon HRW 30–138,
123–146; Scullard FGN, 268–283.
28. Julio-Claudians II: Gaius and Claudius.
Topics: The accession of Gaius: a monarchic
succession; a young emperor; madness and tyranny; Gaius’
assassination; Claudius and the praetorian: a palace
coup; Claudius’ administration; the conquest of Britain;
the Messalina affair; Iulia Agrippina and "the food of
Readings: Suet. Calig. (online handout
or Mellor1, 365–391); Tac. Ann.
11.23–38, 12.65–69 (Mellor2, 490-499). W-H-Y, 309–318; Scarre,
and Children of Claudius handout
Other sources: for Gaius: Joseph. AJ
18.205–19.211; Philo, In Flaccus, Legatio ad
Gaium; Suet. Calig.; Dio 59. For Claudius:
Sen. Apocol.; Joseph. BJ 2.204, AJ
29.212; Tac. Ann. 11–12; Suet. Claud.; Dio
See also: Cary and Scullard, ch. 32, 354–357;
chs. 32 and 33 passim; Salmon HRW 30–138,
147–174; Scullard FGN, 283–304.
29. Julio-Claudians III: Nero and the Fall of a Dynasty;
Topics: The accession of Nero; five good
years; the murder of Iulia Agrippina; Nero the artist;
the Great Fire of A.D. 64; deaths of Seneca and
Petronius; the Jewish Revolt; Revolt of Vindex; "I
perish, such an artist." Galba: "emperors can be made
elsewhere than at Rome." Otho; the First Battle of
Cremona; Vitellius; Mucianus’ march West; Antonius
Primus and the Danube legions; Vespasian.
Readings: Tac. Ann. 13.1–5, 14.1–11,
15.37–44, 15.60–64; 16.18–19 (Mellor2,
499–507, 510–517); Tac. Hist. 1.1–16, 3.66–72
(Mellor2, 517–530); Tac. Hist. 2.79–81
abridged and varia (packet, 3–5 = LR II nos. 2–3). Scarre,
52–53, 58–59; W-H-Y, 318–327.
Other sources: for Nero: Tac. Ann.
12–16; Suet. Ner.; Dio 61–63. For the years a.d.
68–69: Tac. Hist.; Suet. Galb., Otho, Vit.
Vesp.; Dio 63–64.
See also: Cary and Scullard, ch. 32, 357–360;
chs. 32 and 33 passim; ch. 35; Salmon HRW
30–138, 175–210; Scullard FGN, 304–321.
30. Flavians I: Vespasian and Titus.
(Year of the Four)
Topics: Vespasian and the restoration of
order and solvency; Titus and the end of the Jewish War;
revolts along the Rhine; the Stoic opposition; Titus,
"the darling of mankind." And you thought Monica was
bad—Titus and the Jewish princess; the destruction of
Pompeii; death of Titus.
Readings: CIL 6.930 (packet, 5–7 = LR
II no. 4). W-H-Y, 327–332; Scarre, 56.
Other sources: for Vespasian and Titus: Suet.
Vesp., Tit.; Dio 65–66; see also Pliny the elder,
Quintillian, Frontinus, etc.
See also: Cary and Scullard, ch. 36; Salmon HRW 30–138, 211–224.
31. Flavians II: Domitian and the Dynasty.
Topics: Flavian dynastic policy, frontiers,
building programs, and culture; the character and
administration of Domitian; dominus et deus;
Agricola and northern Britain: Kleinreich versus
Großreich; the problem of the senatorial
tradition of historiography;
Readings: Tac. Agr. (Mellor2,
427–450). W-H-Y, 332–334 Table 6: The Flavii (packet, 43).
Other sources: Suet. Dom..; Dio 67;
see also Pliny the elder, Quintillian, Frontinus,
Juvenal, Martial, and Statius.
See also: Cary and Scullard, ch. 36; Salmon HRW 30–138, 225–252.
32. The High Empire of the Good, or "Adoptive," Emperors.
Topics: The "election" of Nerva; his adoption
of Trajan; the military exploits of Trajan; the
peripatetic reign of Hadrian; the "routine
administration" of Antoninus Pius; society and culture
in the high empire; "the period in the history of the
world during which the condition of the human race was
most happy and prosperous . . ." Marcus Aurelius, the
Stoic emperor; wars on the Danube and in the East.
Readings: SHA, Hadr. (Mellor2,
575–593). W-H-Y, 334–352; Scarre, 60–68, 72–73, 86–87; Tables 7
and 8: Antonii (packet, 44–45).
Other sources: Plin. Ep., Pan.; Fronto, Ep.; Dio 67–72; SHA,
Hadr., Ael., Ant. Pius,
See also: Cary and Scullard, chs. 37–38;
Salmon HRW 30–138, 268–318; Parker,
33. Antonine Culture; Commodus and the End of an Era.
Topics: Society and culture in the high
empire; "the period in the history of the world during
which the condition of the human race was most happy and
prosperous . . ." Commodus, "born to rule?" The Roman
Hercules. Anti-Commodus conspiracies. Pertinax; Didius
Iulianus and the sale of empire; The civil wars of A.D.
193–197: Albinus, Septimius Severus, and Pescennius
Readings: W-H-Y, 353–356, 366–383; Scarre,
68–71, 88–89, 96–97; E. Gibbon, The History of the
Decline and Fall of the Roman Empire, 1.103–104
Sources: Hdn. 1–2; Dio 73–75; SHA, Comm.,
Pert., Did. Iul., Sev., Pesc.
See also: Cary and Scullard, ch. 39; ch. 40,
489–492; Parker, HRW 138–337, 29–69.
Topics: The military monarchy of Septimius
Severus; wars in Britain and Parthia; Caracalla and Geta;
the administration of Caracalla; Macrinus; the "Syrian"
Severan—Elagabalus, Iulia Maesa, and Iulia Soaemias;
Iulia Mamaea, Severus Alexander, and the return to
"Roman" values; the end of a dynasty.
Readings: W-H-Y, 383–392; Scarre, 89–93,
98–101; Table 9: The Severans (packet, 46).
Sources: Hdn. 2–6; Dio 68–80; SHA, Sev.,
M. Ant. (Caracalla), Geta, Marinus, Diadem.,
Heliogab., Alex. Sev.
See also: Cary and Scullard, ch. 40, 492–503;
Parker, HRW 138–337, 69–138.
35. Rome and Christianity.
Topics: Characteristics and growth of early
Christianity; the context of Eastern and mystery
religions; developments in post-Apostolic Christianity;
official Roman policy towards Christians; official, and
Readings: Min. Fel. Oct. 6, 23.1–4
(packet, 7–8 = LR II no. 165); Plin. Ep. 10.96–97
(packet, 9–10 = LR II no. 167); Tert. Apol. 10.1,
28.2–3, 35.1, 40.1–2, Justin Qpol. 1.61, 65–67,
Tatianus, Ad Gr. 22–23 (packet, 11–13 = LR II no.
169); Euseb. Hist. eccl. 5.1 abridged
(packet, 13 = LR II no. 170). W-H-Y, 362–366; Scarre, 94–95, 102–103, 124–125.
See also: Cary and Scullard, ch. 39 (pp.
482–488) and ch. 43 (pp. 545–546); Parker,
A.D. 284 - 476
THE LATE EMPIRE
36. Third Century Chaos; Diocletian and the New Empire.
Source Analysis #3 due
Topics: The Crisis of Empire in the Third
Century A.D.; the three Gordians and the senatorial
emperors Pupienus and Albinus; Valerian against Germans
and Persians; the "Thirty Tyrants"; Postumus’ Gallic
Empire and Zenobia’s Palmyra; Aurelian’s restoration of
the empire and solar worship; Diocletian’s
administrative and economic reforms; the Tetrarchy.
Readings: W-H-Y, 393–413, 420–430; Scarre,
93–94, 108–116, 122–123; "Roman Emperors, from Augustus
to Constantine (handout = Cary and Scullard, 571;
examine names from Maximinus to Diocletian, noting
especially the Gordians, Albinus and Pupienus, Decius,
Valerian, Aurelian, and Diocletian).
Sources: Hdn. 7–8; SHA, various minor lives,
including the Tyranni Triginta, up to Carinus and
Numerianus; Aur. Vict. Caes. 25–39;
Epit. de Caes. 25–39; Eutr. 9; Pan. Lat.
8–11; Zos. 1; Zonaras 12.
See also: Cary and Scullard, ch. 41; ch. 42;
Parker, HRW 138–337, 141–239, 262–265.
37. Constantine and His Sons.
Source Analysis #3 due
Topics: From Tetrarchy to one man rule; the
Battles of the Milvian Bridge and Adrianople;
Constantine’s religious policies; the Edict of Milan;
Constantinople; the Council of Nicaea; Constantine, II,
Constantius, and Constans.
Readings: Lactant. De mort. pers. 34
and Euseb. Hist. eccl. 8.27.6–10/ Lactant.
mort. pers. 48 and Euseb. Hist. eccl.
10.5.2–14 (packet, 16–18 = LR II no. 173); Euseb.
Const. 3.6–10 abridged (packet, 18 = LR II no. 175). W-H-Y, 430–444; Scarre, 116–118, 126–127; "Diocletian
to Constantine" (packet, 32–33).
Sources: Hdn. 7–8; Dio 68–80; Euseb. Hist.
eccl., Vit. Const.; Eutr. 9–10; Pan. Lat.
4–7, 12; Zos. 2; Zonaras 12.
See also: Cary and Scullard, ch. 42; Parker, HRW 138–337, 240–261, 265–269, 291–309.
38. The Last Gasps of Pagan Antiquity.
Topics: Julian’s military career; philosophic
and religious interests; rejection of Christianity; the
continuing Persian threat; Germanic pressures,
recruitment, and infiltration; Symmachus and the pagan
nobility; Theodosius and the suppression of paganism.
Epilogue: the end of Rome?
Readings: Amm. Marc. 25.1–4 (Mellor2,
595–606); Ambrose, Ep. 7 A.D. 384, abridged;
Symmachus, Relat. 3 abridged (packet, 19–20 = LR
II no. 186); Zos. 4.59; Theodosian Code passim (packet, 20–22 = LR II no. 187). W-H-Y, 444–448, 466–471; Scarre, 119–121, 130–135.
Sources: Amm. Marc.; Zos.; Mamertinus’s
panegyric on Julian (in The Emperor Julian. Panegyric
and Polemic, Translated Texts for Historians, 2nd
ed. [Liverpool, 1989]); various documents in From
Constantine to Julian: Pagan and Byzantine Views,
S.N.C. Lieu and Dominic Montserrat, eds. (New York,
See also: Averil Cameron, The Later Roman
Empire (Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press,
1993); Diane Bowder, The Age of Constantine and
Julian (London, 1978); R. Browning, The Emperor
Julian (berkeley, 1976); G.W. Bowersock, Julian
the Apostate (Cambridge, MA, 1978); G.W. Bowersock,
Peter Brown, and Oleg Grabar, Late Antiquity
(Cambridge, MA, 1999).
Roman Emperors, Augustus to
Unit 3 Review
F21Dec 7:00–10:00 a.m. FINAL EXAMINATION (in-class
Announcements and Upcoming Events
September 12: “Sitting at the Feet of Jesus,” Time Out for Women, Denver
August 18-21 “Worship: Encountering and Being Transformed by God,” BYU Education Week
August 17 “LDS Christology and the Gospel of John,” BYU Education Week
August 5-11 Aspen Grove Family Camp
April 22: “Grateful for Grace: Appreciating the Saving and Transforming Power of Jesus Christ,” YSA 18th Stake Fireside
April 30: Womens Conference 2015 "Wells of Trust Fanning Flames of Faith"
May 8–9: “The Search for the ‘Real’ Jesus of Nazareth: The Jesus of Faith, History, and Revelation,” Miller-Eccles Study Group, Fullerton and La Cañada, California
September 24 Second John A. Widtsoe Symposium, “Religion in the Public Square,” 7:00-9:00, tutor Center Ballroom, USC, Los Angeles (with the following link:
October 9 “The Footsteps of Jesus: Remembering His Miracles,” Cruise Lady Learn Our Religion Series, 7:00, 9118 S Redwood, West Jordan
November 8: “Sitting at the Feet of Jesus,” Time Out for Women, St. George
November 14: “Sitting at the Feet of Jesus,” Time Out for Women, Portland