Coordinator, Ancient Near Eastern Studies
Professor of Ancient Scripture
Offices: 2015 HRCB (Kennedy Center); 365-F JSB
Phone: 801-422-3359
Email: eric_huntsman@byu.edu
Twitter: @EricDHuntsman

Honors P 100R:
Jerusalem, Athens, Rome: Paul’s Writing for Three Worlds

Course Description

After setting the epistles of Paul in their historical and religious context, this course will cover 1 Thessalonians, Philippians, Galatians, 1–2 Corinthians, and Romans. Students will discuss how Paul reacts to both Judaizers and Hellenists as well as consider how the apostle dealt with traditional Judaism as well as how he employed Greek philosophy in his preaching and exposition of the gospel in the context of the first century Roman Empire.

Advanced Readings

(try to look at the following, reading as much of them as you can, before coming to BYU):

  • Read “Paul” and “Pauline Epistles,” in LDS Bible Dictionary, 742–45.
  • Read (or review) Acts 6; 8:1–4; 9; 11; 13–28 for a narrative account of Paul’s ministry
  • Read “The Occasional Nature, Composition, and Structure of the Pauline Epistles,” pages 190–207 in How The New Testament Came to Be, edited by Kent P. Jackson et al.   The 35th Annual Brigham Young University Sidney B. Sperry Symposium.  Salt Lake City: Deseret Book, 2006.
  • If you have time, also read or at least look over the chapter “The Greek and Roman Worlds” and “The World of Paul” from Jesus Christ and the World of the New Testament (also attached).

Lecture Outlines and Presentations

Th23Aug, 2–5:00 p.m.

Life, Ministry, and Theology of Paul.

Topics: Historical Background and Interpretation of the New Testament. The Three Worlds of Paul; Paul’s Family and the Roman Citizenship. Working Pauline Chronologies. The Pauline Corpus: Writing Ancient Letters, Paul’s Fundamental "Christ Message," and Pauline Concerns.

Readings: Review Acts 6; 8:1–4; 9; 11; 13–28 and read LDS Bible Dictionary s.v. "Paul" and "Pauline Epistles," 742–45; Huntsman, "Occasional Nature," 190–203. After class, read Meeks, 212, "Paul’s Appearance"; Anderson, 1–35, and Sanders, 1–22; look over JCWNT excerpts, especially 28–39, 178–191, 234–35; also handout "New Testament Genre Questions."

 

F24Aug, 10:00 a.m.–1:00 p.m.(pizza and drinks during lunch hour provided, feel free to bring other things to eat!)

Dramatic Portrayal of Paul’s Mission (DVD); Paul and the Church at Thessalonika; The Challenges of the Judaizers and the Libertines at Galatia.

Topics: Paul mission; The House Church. Gentile Christians. Hellenistic Stoicism and Epicureanism (reviewed). Resurrection, Eschatology, and the Parousia in Thessalonica. "As a Thief in the Night." Ethical Exhortations Except Their Be A Falling Away First," Early Forgeries and False Teachers. Judaizers. A Speech Within a Letter: Justification by the Faith of Christ over the Works of the Law.

Readings: 1–2 Thessalonians (Meeks, 3–10, 101–106). Anderson, 68–89. Sanders, 32–40. JCWNT, 221–224. Mahlherbe, "Paul: Hellenistic Philosopher or Christian Pastor?" (Meeks, 643–651). Schweitzer, "Eschatological Mystic" (Meeks 1972, 387–95, handout).

Galatians 1–2 (Meeks, 10–15). Anderson, 146–160. Sanders, 52–63. JCWNT, 216–221. Baur, "Hebraists, Hellenists, and Catholics" (Meeks, 399–408). Luther, "Death to the Law" (Meeks, 379–385).

Start thinking ahead and doing background reading and outlining of your report and paper topic. Available topics include Philippians, Colossians, Ephesians, the Pastoral Epistles, and perhaps Hebrews.

 

Sa25Aug, 9:00 a.m.–12:00 noon

The Challenges of the Judaizers and the Libertines at Galatia; Factions and Problems of Behavior at Corinth

Topics: Judaizers. A Speech Within a Letter: Justification by the Faith of Christ over the Works of the Law. 6 Proofs. Ethical Exhortations.

Readings: Galatians and (Meeks, 11–?). Anderson, 148–168, then 91–129. Sanders, 52–75, 118–136. JCWNT excerpts, 219–221, 224–229; Luther, "Death to the Law" (Meeks, 236–50).

Start thinking ahead and doing background reading and outlining of your report and paper topic. Available topics include Philippians, Colossians, Ephesians, the Pastoral Epistles, and perhaps Hebrews.

 

Sa25Aug, 9:00 a.m.–12:00 noon

Galatians (cont.); Paul’s Joy in the Philippians and His Intercession with Philemon. Paul and the Church at Corinth (introduction).

Topics: Paul’s speech to the Galatians continued—6 Proofs. The "Rhetoric of Friendship" in Philippians. Christological Hymn and Condescension. Warnings against False Teachers. Onesimus and Slavery. Background: Paul’s Visits and Letters to Corinth. Paul and the Cross. Factions.

Readings: Galatians 3–6 (Meeks, 15–20). Anderson, 160–166. Sanders, 63–75. Luther, "Death to the Law" continued (Meeks, 385–390). Boyarin, ‘Was Paul and ‘Anti-Semite’" (Meeks, 458–470).

Philippians (Meeks, 87–94). Anderson, 226–233, 284–298. JCWNT, 241–245.

Philemon (Meeks, 95–97). Anderson, 234–239.

1 Corinthans 1–4 (Meeks, 21–28). Anderson, 90–100. JCWNT, 226–229, 232.

 

M27Aug, 9:00 a.m.–12:00 noon

Factions and Problems of Behavior at Corinth

Topics: Problems of Sex and Property. Glorify God in Body and Spirit. Problems of Marriage and Celibacy: the "Present Distress." Christian Freedom and Its Abuse: Problems for Those Strong in the Faith. Women at Worship—Veiling and Speaking. The Lord’ Supper. Misunderstanding and Misusing Spiritual Gifts. Hymn to Love/Charity. Gift of Prophecy and Tongues—Need for Orderly Worship. Doctrinal Correction: the Resurrection and the Resurrected Body.

Readings: 1 Corinthians 5–11 and 12–16 (Meeks, 29–44). Anderson, 101–127; Sanders, 118–136. JCWNT , 224–233. Huntsman, "‘Your Faith Should Not Stand in the Wisdom of Men.’ Greek Philosophy, Corinthian Behavior, and the Teachings of Paul" (handout); Thiessen, "The Strong and Weak in Corinth" (Meeks, 610–623); Freiherr von Soden, "Sacrament and Ethics in Paul" (Meeks 1972 , 257–68 handout).

 

Tu28Aug, 9:00 a.m.–12:00 noon

Paul’s Relations with the Corinthian Saints; Righteousness by Faith Revisited. Paul and the Role of Israel.

Topics: Reason for His Change in Travel Plans. The Apostolic Ministry: Treasure in Clay Jars. Ministry of Reconciliation. Paul Again Defends His Apostolic Authority. The Man in Christ "Caught Up to the Third Heaven." Benedictions. Paul’s "Introduction" to the Church in Rome. Life in Christ. Righteousness by Faith restated and expanded. Pauline Salvation Models. God’s Righteousness and the World’s Unrighteousness. Reconciliation through Christ by Faith. Dead to Sin, Alive in Christ. Two Analogies: Slavery and Marriage. Future Glory as Joint Heirs with Christ. Predestination? God’s Love in Christ Jesus. God’s Election of Israel: Supersession? Exhortations on Christian Living. Relations Between the Strong and the Weak. Paul’s Plans

Readings: 2 Corinthians (Meeks, 46–61). Anderson, 127–142. Segal, "Paul and the Beginning of Jewish Mysticism" (Meeks, 479–484).

Romans A and B (Meeks, 61–87). Anderson, 166–191. Sanders, 76–117, 137–149. JCWNT 192–207. Barth, "The New Man" (Meeks, 390–393). Fredriksen, "Paul on the Destiny of Israel" (Meeks, 485–490.

 

W29Aug, 9:00 a.m.–12:00 noon

Recapitulation.

Topics: Paul’s Message Reviewed. His Theology in Retrospect: God, Evil, Sin, and Flesh. "Pauline" Christianity? The Legacy of Paul. In class reports presented.

Readings: Sanders, 23–31, 41–51. Bultmann, "Paul’s Demythologizing and Ours" (Meeks 1972, 409–22, handout).

Exam in-class that 1:30–4:30 p.m.

 

F31Aug

Final drafts of paper may be turned in as late as 5:00 p.m. Friday at 316-L JSB.

Announcements and Upcoming Events

Recent Lectures

September 12: “Sitting at the Feet of Jesus,” Time Out for Women, Denver

August 18-21 “Worship: Encountering and Being Transformed by God,” BYU Education Week

August 17 “LDS Christology and the Gospel of John,” BYU Education Week

August 5-11 Aspen Grove Family Camp

April 22: “Grateful for Grace: Appreciating the Saving and Transforming Power of Jesus Christ,” YSA 18th Stake Fireside

April 30: Womens Conference 2015 "Wells of Trust Fanning Flames of Faith"

May 8–9:   “The Search for the ‘Real’ Jesus of Nazareth: The Jesus of Faith, History, and Revelation,” Miller-Eccles Study Group, Fullerton and La Cañada, California

Upcoming Lectures

September 24 Second John A. Widtsoe Symposium, “Religion in the Public Square,” 7:00-9:00, tutor Center Ballroom, USC, Los Angeles (with the following link:

October 9 “The Footsteps of Jesus: Remembering His Miracles,” Cruise Lady Learn Our Religion Series, 7:00, 9118 S Redwood, West Jordan

November 8: “Sitting at the Feet of Jesus,” Time Out for Women, St. George

November 14: “Sitting at the Feet of Jesus,” Time Out for Women, Portland